[期刊文章] 胡海岩, 王立峰. 新中国航空事业的先驱者——张阿舟. 力学进展, 2021, 51(2): 1-20

发布者:孙加亮发布时间:2021-06-25浏览次数:515

新中国航空事业的先驱者——张阿舟

胡海岩, 王立峰


摘要:张阿舟先生是我国著名的航空工程专家、固体力学家、教育家. 在20世纪后半叶,尤其是在新中国工业化初期的艰苦条件下,他面向我国航空工业发展需求,攻坚克难、培养后学,取得了突出成就. 本文全面回顾张阿舟先生的学术生涯, 介绍他在飞机结构强度、结构动力学、工程动力学反问题三个领域的主要学术贡献, 归纳他的治学特点. 文中介绍了张阿舟先生的航空报国情怀,以丰富的事例说明:他在主持新中国第一架飞机静力试验研究中发挥了核心作用, 在开拓我国飞机结构静/动强度等研究领域中发挥了引领作用, 在培养航空、力学领域的优秀人才中发挥了重要指导作用.

关键词: 固体力学,结构动力学,结构强度,飞行器设计,航空工业


Abstract: Professor Zhang Azhou (Chang O’Chou) was a famous scientist and educator in aeronautical engineering and solid mechanics in China. In the second half of the 20th century, in particular, when China had a difficult time to initiate industrialization, Prof. Zhang pursued a life-long course to solve challenging problems and cultivate young talents and made outstanding achievements to meet the major needs of the nation in aeronautical engineering. This article comprehensively surveys the academic career of Prof. Zhang, focusing on his major contributions to the fields of the structural strength of aircraft, structural dynamics, and inverse problems of engineering dynamics, with a summary of his academic features in researches. The article presents his spirit of serving the nation in the aeronautical industry, demonstrates, via numerous examples, his core role in the tests of the structural strength of the first aircraft made in the People’s Republic of China, his leading role in the researches on static/dynamic strength of aircraft structures in China, as well as his important role in supervising young talents in both mechanics and aeronautics.

Key words:solid mechanics,structural dynamics,structure strength,aircraft design


原文链接:http://lxjz.cstam.org.cn/cn/article/doi/10.6052/1000-0992-21-018